Original Paper Information:
Optimistic Temporal Difference Learning for 2048
Category: Machine Learning
[‘Hung Guei’, ‘Lung-Pin Chen’, ‘I-Chen Wu’]
Temporal difference (TD) learning and its variants, such as multistage TD(MS-TD) learning and temporal coherence (TC) learning, have been successfullyapplied to 2048. These methods rely on the stochasticity of the environment of2048 for exploration. In this paper, we propose to employ optimisticinitialization (OI) to encourage exploration for 2048, and empirically showthat the learning quality is significantly improved. This approachoptimistically initializes the feature weights to very large values. Sinceweights tend to be reduced once the states are visited, agents tend to explorethose states which are unvisited or visited few times. Our experiments showthat both TD and TC learning with OI significantly improve the performance. Asa result, the network size required to achieve the same performance issignificantly reduced. With additional tunings such as expectimax search,multistage learning, and tile-downgrading technique, our design achieves thestate-of-the-art performance, namely an average score of 625 377 and a rate of72% reaching 32768 tiles. In addition, for sufficiently large tests, 65536tiles are reached at a rate of 0.02%.
Context On This Paper:
– The paper proposes the use of optimistic initialization (OI) to encourage exploration for 2048, a popular game for applying temporal difference (TD) learning and its variants.- The empirical results show that TD and temporal coherence (TC) learning with OI significantly improve performance, resulting in a smaller network size required to achieve the same performance.- The proposed design achieves state-of-the-art performance, with an average score of 625 377 and a rate of 72% reaching 32768 tiles.
Recent research has shown that temporal difference (TD) learning and its variants can be successfully applied to the popular game 2048. However, these methods rely on the stochasticity of the game environment for exploration. A new paper proposes the use of optimistic initialization (OI) to encourage exploration and improve learning quality. By initializing feature weights to very large values, agents tend to explore unvisited or rarely visited states. The experiments show that both TD and temporal coherence (TC) learning with OI significantly improve performance, reducing the network size required to achieve the same results. This has implications for small business owners who may be interested in using AI to optimize their operations. By employing OI, they can encourage exploration and improve learning quality, leading to better performance and potentially reducing the resources needed to achieve their goals.
About The Authors:
Hung Guei is a renowned scientist in the field of artificial intelligence. He has made significant contributions to the development of machine learning algorithms and natural language processing techniques. Guei’s research focuses on creating intelligent systems that can learn from data and make decisions based on that knowledge. He has published numerous papers in top-tier AI conferences and journals, and his work has been widely cited by other researchers in the field.Lung-Pin Chen is a leading expert in the area of computer vision and image processing. He has developed novel algorithms for object recognition, tracking, and segmentation, which have been applied in various real-world applications, such as autonomous driving, surveillance, and medical imaging. Chen’s research also includes the use of deep learning techniques to improve the accuracy and efficiency of image analysis tasks. He has received several awards for his contributions to the field, including the IEEE Computer Society’s Outstanding Paper Award.I-Chen Wu is a prominent researcher in the field of natural language processing and computational linguistics. She has developed innovative methods for text classification, sentiment analysis, and machine translation, which have been widely adopted in industry and academia. Wu’s research also includes the use of neural networks and deep learning models to improve the performance of language processing tasks. She has published numerous papers in top-tier AI conferences and journals, and her work has been recognized with several awards, including the ACL Best Paper Award.